dinsdag 30 mei 2017

Gov’t Guyana says 20 camps observed at Kaieteur National Park / Illegal miners still in custody …villagers hold protest

Under serious threat

…Gov’t says 20 camps observed at Kaieteur National Park

In an effort to clampdown on mining in Protected Areas, the Government of Guyana says it has launched a joint services operation in the Kaieteur National Park (KNP), where the Protected Areas Commission (PAC) and the Guyana Defence Force (GDF) had discovered, through aerial reconnaissance, 20 illegal mining camps.
On Sunday, an operation by members of the joint services as well as personnel from the Guyana Geology and Mines Commission (GGMC) was launched, following an initial discovery of four active mines, one mine where activity was uncertain, and eight active camps inside the KNP by the PAC on February 16, 2017. Of the five mines, three had already been issued cease orders by the GGMC in 2014, with reinforcement actions as recent as 2016. Despite this and two site visits by the GGMC, following the issuance of the cease orders, at least two of the three mines still remained active, the Ministry of the Presidency said in a release.
A further reconnaissance by the GDF on May 5, 2017, less than three weeks ago, revealed that there were, at that time, 20 camps. At one site, there was evidence of water pollution and freshly exposed sand tailings, according to a report from the PAC. Commissioner of the PAC, Ms. Denise Fraser, in an invited comment, said illegal mining in the area has been taking place for a number of years despite repeated warnings. Predating the above mentioned cease orders there had been efforts in 2013 to end mining activity in the Park.
“What we have found is that in some areas where miners have been previously moved, they have gone back. So there is a need for strong actions so that a message can be sent. In 2013, five cease orders were issued by the GGMC to mining operators of mines within the Waratuk area, north-eastern boundary of the Park boundary. There were two site visits conducted by PAC and GGMC on August 10, 2014, when three mines and four camps were observed within the extreme north and north-eastern boundary of the park. This led to the issuance of three cease orders by the GGMC. In March, 2016, two flyovers were conducted by PAC and GGMC, which indicated that the mining had continued to persist within the Park boundaries. This led to the GGMC enforcement, which resulted in the seizure of 11 engines, eight dredges and an excavator,” Ms. Fraser said.
Aerial shots showing the presence of the mining camps and operations in the Kaieteur National Park
As a result of the raid on Sunday by the members of the joint services, five camps were searched and the persons present detained. It is reported that the dredge owners were not present during the time of the raid. Twenty-one persons have been detained by the Guyana Police Force (GPF) for illegal mining in the KNP. However, Ms. Fraser said that the PAC has been in contact with the Ministry of Natural Resources as well as the Ministry of Indigenous Peoples’ Affairs to ensure that the detainees have access to food and are taken care of while in custody. She noted that once released, the PAC will work with the Ministry of Indigenous Peoples’ Affairs to provide accommodation where necessary.
Minister of Natural Resources, Mr. Raphael Trotman, in an invited comment, said that the KNP is a national protected area and it is incumbent on the Government to send a strong message to those who are bent on breaking the law. The Minister noted that only last year six operators were removed from the area. “Last year, we sent a team in and it was during that exercise that we even lost a member of the Guyana Police Force after the boat he was travelling capsized, and yet we have persons returning to the Park and mining. The Government must, therefore, send a strong message to the individuals because it is a national protected area and part of our national patrimony,” Minister Trotman said.
Director of the Department of Environment, Ms. Ndibi Schwiers, also weighing in on the matter said that the KNP is Guyana’s oldest protected area, famed for the world-renowned Kaieteur Falls and its rich biodiversity. As Guyana continues to push ahead with the development of a ‘green’ economy and protection of its flora and fauna, Ms. Schwiers said that illegal mining can have debilitating effects on the economic and social well-being of the country as it is way more destructive on the environment than permitted mining as these unregulated miners are more ruthless in their operations.
“There is indiscriminate cutting of trees, which results in the loss of habitat and habitat fragmentation for the wildlife that inhabit the area. Specifically, birds and other wildlife that depend on the trees for their food, shelter and other forms of survival, perish. Illegal mining in the Kaieteur National Park also presents a plethora of problems for downstream communities that depend on the water for drinking and other purposes, through pollution of the water and unregulated use of chemicals to extract minerals,” she said.
Section Four of the Kaieteur National Park Act states, “It shall not be lawful for any person to enter into, travel or encamp within the park or to build any structure therein, or to hunt, chase, catch, shoot at, kill or otherwise disturb any animal or cut, pluck or gather any of the flora or interfere with or disturb the soil by mining or other operations within the park or to remove anything whatsoever from the park except in accordance with regulations made under this act. (2) Any person acting in contravention of any of the provisions of subsection (1) shall be liable on summary conviction to a fine of ninety-seven thousand five hundred dollars, and anything taken by such person from the park shall be forfeited.”
Further, according to the regulations made under the Mining Act 2005, Part XXVII Section 251 (1) (a), “No person shall conduct mining and quarrying activities in the following areas- (b) In specified nature reserves and parks where resource extraction is prohibited; (c) In buffer areas without express approval of the Commission and the notification of parties likely to be affected by the activity.”
Additionally, Section 122 of the Protected Areas Act 2011 states that “Any person, except persons under the Amerindian Act, who mines, quarries, drills or removes any minerals, stone, gravel, earth, sand, or other substances or prospects for such substance in a national protected area commits an offence under paragraph (a) of the Fourth Schedule.”
The Fourth Schedule (a) states “A fine of not less than ten thousand dollars nor more than fifty thousand dollars and (f) a fine of not less than five hundred thousand dollars nor more than two million dollars and one hundred thousand dollars per day for continuance of activity with imprisonment for five years for repeating activity after the second instance.”

Illegal miners still in custody …villagers hold protest

Residents of Chenapau, including children protest the arrests and detention of villagers on Sunday
VILLAGERS of Chenapau, Region Eight, on Monday protested the arrests and detention of fellow residents of the community by law enforcement officials on Sunday, even as those arrested remain in police custody.
According to Michael Mc Garrell of the Amerindian People’s Association (APA), a village meeting was held on Monday to discuss Sunday’s occurrences and it was there that the villagers decided to protest. Mc Garrell, who hails from Chenapau described the situation as “sad” and noted that many of those arrested have documentation permitting them to work in the area, described as “down river”.
He said too that the said persons have paid for claims and sell their minerals to the Guyana Gold Board, while adding that it is unfortunate that those in police custody remain detained. Many of the villagers, including children held placards which called on President David Granger to fulfill his promise of a ‘good life for all’.
A villager of Chenapau holds a placard on Monday
“The community has indicated that they will continue to fight…this will not be the end of this,” said Mc Garrell, who noted that the existing situation involving illegal mining within the Kaieteur National Park provides an opportunity for there to be stakeholder discussions on the how the park should be used and managed.
Meanwhile, Crime Chief Wendell Blanhum told Guyana Chronicle that the 21 persons who were arrested, while working on mining operations at Kaieteur National Park on Sunday have not yet been released. Blanhum said those who were transported to the city on Sunday afternoon up to press time were being interviewed by police at the Criminal Investigation Department (CID). “No one has been charged. We are now interviewing the persons who are in police custody,” Blanhum stated.
It was reported Monday that some 20 persons residing at Chenapau, Region Eight, had been arrested and transported to the capital city Sunday during a joint operation by the Guyana Defense Force (GDF) and the Guyana Geology and Mines Commission (GGMC), after they were found mining illegally at Kaieteur National Park.
Meanwhile, Director of Tourism, Donald Sinclair, called the Kaieteur National Park “Guyana’s signature attraction area,” which is set aside for the protection of Guyana’s biodiversity, and said Guyanese should be the last to think of spoiling the environs of Kaieteur Falls. The Kaieteur National Park is set aside as one of the Guyana’s protected areas and gold mining or any other mining there is prohibited. It is the home of Kaieteur Falls, the world’s highest one-drop waterfalls, which flows some 741 feet before making a single drop into its Gorge.
“The park is one of the oldest and most iconic Protected Areas of Guyana and was established in 1929,” the Guyana Chronicle reported Monday. Sinclair told the Guyana Chronicle that activities which encourage destruction are prohibited in any area which has been set aside as a National Park and has advised that strict control of activities be placed around the Kaieteur National Park. “It is a national park which means that some activities are prohibited and highly controlled. Those activities will have to be tightly controlled because of the effects…” Sinclair told the Guyana Chronicle.
A female resident of Chenapau holds a placard
He recalled in the past Kaieteur had been negatively impacted by upstream mining which had caused the country’s most prized flow of water to be polluted and discoloured. “Kaieteur in the past had been impacted by mining upstream…. Because of the special nature of the Kaieteur National Park, because of the special nature of it, illegal mining cannot be allowed. Illegal mining should not be allowed anywhere, because it is illegal,” Sinclair said.
On Sunday, Minister of Natural Resources, Raphael Trotman, confirmed that an operation took place at the Kaieteur National Park and that several persons — primarily workers — were arrested. It is the intention of the Ministry of Natural Resources to seize and, or disable all dredges found working in the area, Trotman asserted. “I am looking at seizing and/or disabling them,” he told the Guyana Chronicle, while explaining that there is no routine monitoring of the Kaieteur National Park areas as it is not a designated mining district.
Trotman explained that a few weeks ago it was observed that there was a resurgence of illegal mining at the Kaieteur National Park contrary to regulations. As such, a secret operation was planned to halt the operations at the behest of President David Granger, who has overarching responsibility for the environment. Sometime last year, GGMC officials had visited the area and stopped miners from operating in the protected area; those persons were warned and reaffirmed government’s strong objection to any kind of mining in the area. During that operation last year, a policeman lost his life when the boat in which he was travelling capsized. “Kaieteur is expected to be maintained as pristine place for protection of our bio-diversity, the Kaieteur National Park is part of the protected area, so a decision was taken to have a decisive operation to address the situation.”

vrijdag 26 mei 2017

Suriname nu officieel lid van het Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative (EITI)

EITI: 'Suriname moet ervoor zorgen, met onze steun, dat zijn natuurlijke hulpbronnen worden gebruikt voor  ontwikkeling van het land'

26-05-2017  De Surinaamse Krant/Starnieuws

Suriname is in Oslo, Noorwegen, als officieel lid van het Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative (EITI) toegelaten. Minister Regilio Dodson van Natuurlijke Hulpbronnen (NH) beweert vandaag, vrijdag 26 mei 2017, op Starnieuws, dat de toetreding tot EITI belangrijk is voor de ontwikkeling van Suriname. Dodson, die de vergadering bijwoonde, noemt de toetreding van Suriname zelfs een mijlpaal. 

'We hopen dat de EITI Suriname zal helpen om ervoor te zorgen dat zijn natuurlijke hulpbronnen worden gebruikt voor de ontwikkeling van het land', zei Fredrik Reinfeldt, voorzitter van het EITI, in zijn welkomstwoord.

Minister Dodson zegt, dat het hoofddoel is het opbouwen van een nationale consensus tussen sociale partners over de ontwikkeling van de mijnbouwindustrie. 'De EITI Standaard zal ons helpen, vertrouwen en openheid te ontwikkelen voor iedereen. De informatie die uit het EITI-proces wordt gegenereerd, dient als een instrument in planning en besluitvorming om ons beleid te formuleren.'

EITI is een internationaal vrijwillig initiatief dat streeft naar transparantie in de mijnbouw en olie industrie. Dit betekent dat via publicatie, bedrijven weergeven wat betaald is aan de overheid en de overheid de inkomsten vanuit deze industrie openbaar maakt.

Het EITI-werkplan van Suriname (zie hierna) bevat kwesties die verder gaan dan de EITI-eisen, maar zijn belangrijk voor de belanghebbenden, zegt NH. Als onderdeel hiervan is een Multi Stakeholders Groep bestaande uit vertegenwoordigers van de overheid, mijnbouw en olie industrie en het maatschappelijk middenveld samengesteld.

De toelating van Suriname tot EITI betekent, dat overeenkomstig de EITI-standaard, Suriname zijn eerste EITI-rapport binnen 18 maanden na toelating als kandidaat moet publiceren. Suriname moet vóór 1 juli 2018 een jaarlijks activiteitenverslag publiceren over 2017. De validatie begint binnen twee en een half jaar na de kandidaatstelling.

Overeenkomstig het werkplan verwacht het EITI-bestuur dat Suriname op 30 september 2017 een stappenplan publiceert wat de bijdrage zal zijn van de verschillende stakeholders.

Onderstaand omtrent het voren gaande een persbericht van 24 mei van EITI:

Suriname becomes the 52nd country to implement the EITI

The EITI Board today approved Suriname’s EITI candidature application.
Fredrik Reinfeldt, Chair of the EITI, today welcomed Suriname as a new member of the EITI family.
He said: “we hope that the EITI will help Suriname to ensure that its natural resources are used for the development of the country”.
The EITI in Suriname creates a platform for the government, companies and civil society to contribute to ensuring good governance of the abundant natural resources. As the country is preparing its national development plan for 2017-2021, the contribution of the extractive sector to deliver economic and equitable growth is key.
Minister of Natural Resources, Regilio Dodson, said:
"Our primary goal with implementing the EITI is to build a national consensus between social partners on how to develop the extractive industry to the benefit of society.
The EITI Standard will help us develop trust and openness for everyone to contribute this cause.
The information generated out of the EITI process will serve as an instrument in planning and decision-making to inform our policies."
Suriname’s EITI work plan includes issues that go beyond the EITI requirements, but are important to the stakeholders civil society, government and companies. These include social expenditures, environmental and social impacts, mineral agreements and investments, artisanal and small-scale mining and the revenues from construction materials.

Suriname is an upper middle-income country located on the north-eastern Atlantic cost in South America. The economy has performed well over the last decade, largely due to its rich endowment in natural resources. GDP per capita was estimated in 2016 as USD 15,200.

The economy is characterised by strong dependence on exports of extractives and a large public sector. Alumina, bauxite, gold and oil have in recent years made up three-quarters of total exports and have accounted for a large share of the government’s revenue (peaking at around 40 percent in 2011–2012). Among the major extractive companies operating in Suriname are Staatsolie, IAMGOLD, Canasur Gold, Surgold (Newmont), Kosmos and Nana Resources.

The decision of the Board on the status of Suriname in full:

The EITI admits Suriname as an EITI candidate country on 24 May 2017. In accordance with the EITI Standard, Suriname is required to publish its first EITI Report within 18 months of becoming a candidate (i.e., by 24 October 2018). Suriname is required to publish an annual activity report for 2017 by 1 July 2018. Validation will commence within two and a half years of becoming a candidate (i.e., by 24 October 2019). In accordance with the work plan submitted by the MSG, the EITI Board expects Suriname to publish a beneficial ownership roadmap by 30 September 2017.

For more information about the EITI process in Suriname please visit the country page on eiti.org or contact the country Manager, Francisco Paris [fparis@eiti.org].

Image showing Minister Regilio Dodson at the Board meeting with EITI Chair Fredrik Reinfeldt.

donderdag 25 mei 2017

'Surinaamse goudzoekers hebben kennis nodig om succesvol te zijn in de goudbusiness'

'Mijnbouwsector is altijd de drijvende kracht van Surinaamse economie geweest'

25-05-2017 De Surinaamse Krant/de Ware Tijd

'De dagen waarop kleinschalige en middelgrote goudzoekers met een graafmachine en waterpomp beginnen te graven zonder er zeker van te zijn dat ze kans maken om goud te vinden zijn voorbij', zegt Clyde Griffith, voorzitter van de Vereniging van Geologen en Mijnbouwkundigen in Suriname (VGMS), vandaag, donderdag 25 mei 2017, in de Ware Tijd.

'Surinaamse goudzoekers zijn al geruime tijd geleden tot het besef gekomen dat ze kennis nodig hebben om succesvol te zijn in de goudbusiness.'

De vereniging is gisteren de driedaagse workshop 'Ontdek Nieuwe Goudvoorkomens' begonnen met de Amerikaanse onderzoeksgeoloog Richard Goldfarb. Er nemen ruim honderd personen uit de goudsector aan deel, onder wie vertegenwoordigers van Newmont Suriname en IAmGold en de staatsonderneming Grassalco. Dit bedrijf noemt Goldfarb 'een befaamde wetenschapper'. Grassalco heeft hem in samenwerking met de VMGS laten overkomen.

Griffith: 'De mijnbouwsector is altijd de drijvende kracht van de Surinaamse economie geweest. Gezien de huidige crisis hopen wij een bijdrage te leveren om de kennis binnen de sector te verhogen.' Sleutel daarbij is om steeds nieuwe goudvoorkomens en potentieel andere grondstoffen te ontdekken om zo de mijnbouwsector te behouden en uit te breiden.

Kennis over hoe en waar goud te zoeken is vooral voor kleine en middelgrote Surinaamse delvers van belang. Het is publiek geheim, dat men in Suriname op dit vlak veelal afhankelijk is van buitenlandse kennis, vooral uit Brazilië.